Ww1 trench warefare

Fritz Meese, a Germany soldier, described the dreadful conditions of the trenches on the Western Front.

trench warfare game

Later in the war, forces began mounting attacks from the trenches at night, usually with support of covering artillery fire. The point at which a communications trench intersected the front trench was of critical importance, and it was usually heavily fortified.

trenches ww1

The Germans soon became known for effectively mounting nighttime incursions behind enemy lines, by sending highly trained soldiers to attack the trenches of opposing forces at what they perceived as weak points.

As terrible as the sights and smells were for the men to endure, the deafening noises that surrounded them during heavy shelling were terrifying. Victims died a slow, horrible death as their lungs filled with fluid.

ww1 trenches diagram

The front trench was lightly garrisoned and typically only occupied in force during "stand to" at dawn and dusk. There were periods in which rigid trench warfare broke down, such as during the Battle of the Sommebut the lines never moved very far.

Trench warfare facts

Visit Website Thus, trenches may have afforded some protection by allowing soldiers more time to take other defensive steps, such as putting on gas masks. Watch our video to learn more about life in the trenches. The Germans gave sausages to the British and the British gave the Germans chocolates. The typical soldier in the trenches was armed with a rifle, bayonet, and a hand grenade. Fires were lit in the support line to make it appear inhabited and any damage done immediately repaired. As World War I progressed, both sides, but particularly the Germans, developed trench systems of progressively greater depth and strength in order to ensure that the enemy could not achieve a breakthrough at any particular point. Symptoms ranged from physical abnormalities tics and tremors, impaired vision and hearing, and paralysis to emotional manifestations panic, anxiety, insomnia, and a near-catatonic state. These provided protection, but also obscured a soldier's view. They even suggested the Germans were planning an attack. The increases in firepower had outstripped the ability of infantry or even cavalry to cover the ground between firing lines, and the ability of armour to withstand fire. Later, this evolved to have the combat trenches broken into distinct fire bays connected by traverses. The French captured these lines in and demolished them.
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World War I for Kids: Trench Warfare