While there is no explicit provision that labour laws would not be applied in these zones, in practice, even labour commissioners are not allowed inside these zones and the workers are practically at the mercy of the employers.
Another objective was the measurement of efficiency performance of the unorganized sector. The study attributed this to the squatting position that had to be assumed during July and August, the rice transplanting months. This study was conducted in 82 construction sites.Accordingly women from each district were randomly selected and supplied with structured questionnaire pertaining to their availability of social security measures taken by the Govt. The percentage of construction workers is more in developing countries like India as employment intensity is much higher in lower income countries than higher income ones. Women in gold mines handle mercury and cyanide with their bare hands. Working hours were not fixed and harassment at work place was common. This study found that the lack of awareness, less salary, late payments, underemployment, violence against employees, dignity and rights, casualness, lack of freedom of association and poor working relations account for the poor condition of workers. Easy entrance, local operations, ambiguous legal standing, ready requirement of labor, education and skill deficit, no fixed regulations of working hours or payment, poor rate of reparation, ignorance regarding and lack of possible government intervention and help characterizes this sector. A combination of qualitative and quantitative method was applied and data was collected via interviews, questionnaires, observation and literatures review. Women are Mistreated Violence against women and girls is the most pervasive human rights violation in the world today. The aim of this paper was to know the degree of social security of the working women in the informal sector in Odisha. Work is often unskilled or low skilled and low paid. Of the total number of employed women in , The study was based on a sample size of and was explorative in nature. Contact Us Search You can tell the condition of a nation by looking at the status of its women. The linking of agricultural activities to male dominance is described by Roy Burman in Menon : The anxiety of man to monopolize his skill in plough culture is reflected in the taboo that is observed almost all over India, against the women's handling the plough. The goal of this study was to measure the economic importance of the informal sector in Indian economy by its share, growth and composition from the www.
Therefore, it is imperative to the improvement of domestic worker protections, rights, and welfare that this specific population is targeted for future research and analysis.
Women have to face at home forces them to work for meager wages and without social security. The study also found that a majority of births were either premature or stillbirths.
Tinu K. The study was based on a sample size of and was explorative in nature. This sector is characterized by seasonal employment in agricultural sectorcontractual work, no social security and welfare legislations, no rights and minimum wages.
Empowerment should aim at changing the nature and direction of the power structures which marginalise the women labourers. The employment of women is high in the unorganised sector such as part time helpers in households, construction center, tanneries setting, parting and dryingmatch and beedi industries etc.
Besides, the social aspects of work are not considered risk factors.