How to write an article abstract apa

Psychology abstract example apa

This handout provides examples of various types of abstracts and instructions on how to construct one. Descriptive abstracts A descriptive abstract indicates the type of information found in the work. Were they college students? General Format How should the abstract page be formatted? The regular formatting guidelines regarding font and margins apply. That is still a fair number of dissertations. Essentially, the descriptive abstract describes the work being abstracted. How does this work add to the body of knowledge on the topic? What materials are used Data have been collected from archives, interviews, newspapers, and published reports. When writing the abstract, note that the APA recommends using two spaces after sentences that end in a period; however, sentences that end in other punctuation marks may be followed by a single space. Finally, it includes a few examples of abstracts broken down into their component parts. Sentence case capitalization: Capitalize only the first word and any proper nouns. It is much easier to write an abstract once you have fully fleshed out the premise of your paper. Conclusion This dissertation challenges the argument that movements are inconsequential. Do not add information not contained in the original work.

Heading 4 Indented, bold, italics, sentence case capitalization, a final period. A good informative abstract acts as a surrogate for the work itself.

Abstract apa example

The APA publication manual suggests that your abstract should function much like your title page—it should allow the person reading it too quickly determine what your paper is all about. Highlight key phrases and sentences: Instead of cutting and pasting the actual words, try highlighting sentences or phrases that appear to be central to the work. Begin your abstract on a new page and place your running head and the page number 2 in the top right-hand corner. While the running head is flush with the upper left-hand corner of every page, the page number is flush with the upper right-hand corner of every page. The first line of the paragraph is, unlike regular paragraphs, not indented. Describe the participants in the study. Do not define terms. Were they college students? All content on this webpage is protected by United States copyright laws and may not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, displayed, published or broadcast elsewhere without written permission from me. The two most important are selection and indexing. Is this article helpful?

Additional Tips 1 Do not use bold, italics, or underlined text anywhere in the abstract paragraph. At the end of the abstract, keywords relevant to the research are included.

What is an abstract?

Examples of abstracts for apa format papers

Descriptive abstracts are usually very short— words or less. The list of keywords should follow after the abstract paragraph, and the word Keywords should be italicized, indented five spaces from the left margin, and followed by a colon. It is common to wind up with plenty of white space in the lower half of the Abstract page. You will have no problem fitting your abstract in one text block on one page. How does this work add to the body of knowledge on the topic? By incorporating keywords into the abstract, the author emphasizes the central topics of the work and gives prospective readers enough information to make an informed judgment about the applicability of the work. Which type should I use? Newspaper editors and their journals helped change the political culture of late First Empire Rio de Janeiro by involving the people in the discussion of state.

The exception is if you begin a sentence with a number, then you spell out the number. The body text begins immediately after the point.

apa introduction

An abstract of a scientific research paper will contain elements not found in an abstract of a literature article, and vice versa. These keywords improve the findability of your paper in databases.

citations in abstract apa

Cut and paste: To create a first draft of an abstract of your own work, you can read through the entire paper and cut and paste sentences that capture key passages. If possible, take your paper to your school's writing lab for assistance.

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Formatting the Abstract Page (APA)