How to apply a sam splint
Elbow Injury Take one SAM splint and fold it in half, and then fold in one quarter again - one side should be twice as long as the other. Fold each splint into a narrow "V" and tape into position.
Remove the insole of the footwear and place it between the foot and the splint. When you try to move your head after the accident, the broken bones can damage your spinal cord causing nerve damage and paralysis.
Sugar tong sam splint
Elasticated bandages, cohesive bandages and cling film provide greater stability and more even pressure along the limb. Response: Evacuate the casualty as soon as possible. Response: No. In high impact crashes your head is like a bowling ball whipping around at the end of your neck; the extreme whiplash can break the relatively fragile bones in your neck. SAM recommend supporting the ankle as a 'stirrup' under the heal; this does not reduce flexion or extension of the foot. If there are loose pieces or gaps, you can crimp the splint with your hands to remove slack. Tips: Shape it around your own limb before splinting your patient. Loosen the cravats and reapply the splint, if needed. Prototype your splint on someone else before attempting to apply it to the casualty. Multitools or trauma shears are great for cutting and shaping a SAM splint, and they have many other uses besides.
A Splint can be made more comfortable by padding it once formed or inserting it into a thick sock. Ankle Injury - Not weight-bearing or unable to remove footwear Where the ankle injury is not weight-bearing or if is not possible to remove the footwear in the case of an unstable ankle injury or simply too painful, the ankle is immobilised within the footwear.
How to apply a sam splint
Fold the SAM splint in half so it is a tall V-shape. Wrap the other side of the splint overtop of the first so that they cross in a figure 8 pattern. The whole package is liberally wrapped in stretch wrap or elasticated bandage. Response: No. With some tape and clever oragami the SAM splint turns into a relatively comfortable c-spine collar that will fit on any sized patient. Tie the tails of the cravats in a nonslip knot on the outside of the splint. Bend the edges of the splint in until the shape of the splint generally conforms to the curve and shape of the limb being splinted. Ankle Injury - Weight-bearing A weight-bearing ankle injury can be supported inside the boot or shoe to allow the casualty to remain mobile. In high impact crashes your head is like a bowling ball whipping around at the end of your neck; the extreme whiplash can break the relatively fragile bones in your neck. Since legs are so long, knee injuries need 2, 36 inch splints to hold the upper and lower leg in place. Where should I apply the cravats? Question: What should you do if the casualty does not have a pulse below the fracture even after you reapply the splint?
Tie the tails of the cravats in a nonslip knot on the outside of the splint and tuck in the tails. The casualty will not appreciate you making mistakes on them.
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