Chins two child policy and its influence on the first childs perception
Secondly, it is critical to remember that raising the birth rate alone is not the only answer to managing China's ageing population.
Two child policy advantages and disadvantages
In June the southern province of Jiangxi became the latest of several local authorities to say that it would start requiring women who are more than 14 weeks pregnant to secure the approval of three doctors in order to procure an abortion. They can be found on twitter via seaghkehoe, and halfthesky49 Share this. As the policy evolved from "Initiation in the s—s; Maturity in the s—s; and Legalization in the s—s",  the administration of the population policy also changed. Individuals who did not use contraceptives sometimes had their names announced over the intercom system of the village to shame them into using them, whereas individuals who did could be selected to win the Labor Medal for "good realization of the population — family planning program". Yet in urban areas, high living costs, long work hours, insufficient provision of social welfare, maternity and parental leave, along with ever-rising child-care expenses often means many couples are reluctant to have a second child, or even a first one. In the third step, the meaning units of the code groups were sorted into a few subgroups. In , the goal was accelerated to reach the replacement level by , and the government subsequently integrated an increased use of abortion as a means to curb population growth. This emphasizes the significance of family members such as grandparents on the decision-making of whether a couple should have a second child. Women have many social roles; on the one hand, she will have to educate and take care of the children and the parents, and, on the other hand, she has to reinforce her social status. My uncle and aunt have only one child, to be an only child is considered the norm. As a result, notes Xinhua, China now has 34 million more men than women, many of whom will be unable to ever find wives. Table 2 Themes and subgroups Status of women The majority of the participants emphasized the importance to improve the status of women in the China labor force. The interviews were conducted individually with each woman after they have signed written consent and were orally informed about confidentiality, purpose of the research study, and their option to withdraw from the research project at any time. The policy shift has a significant impact on all levels of society and economy. The authors independently read the interview transcripts and later discussed and merged themes to form final themes and subgroups, in order to attain dependability.
However, there are a few words of caution. I think that having two kids in the future will be an advantage. The policy combined advertisements and education to promote a smaller family "so people may enjoy a plentiful and happy life.
Women have many social roles; on the one hand, she will have to educate and take care of the children and the parents, and, on the other hand, she has to reinforce her social status. The stress of raising children would increase in middle age.
The rise in the population will also have an impact on the environment and architecture of the country. The effects of the new policy are inevitably speculative, but predictions can be made based on recent trends.
Also, simply counting the number of births tells us very little about the birth rate, as this is going to be affected by the number who are "at risk" of having children.
They must sign a declaration reading: 'I believe the non-consensual conception exemption applies to my child.
The effects of chinas universal two child policy
The ambivalence women reported increased in severity, when having to take care of two children. In a survey carried out last year by Zhaopin, a jobs website, a third of women reported that their wages fell after giving birth though for some this may be because they worked fewer hours. Individuals who did not use contraceptives sometimes had their names announced over the intercom system of the village to shame them into using them, whereas individuals who did could be selected to win the Labor Medal for "good realization of the population — family planning program". I will quit my job to be a stay-at-home mom. The rise in the population will also have an impact on the environment and architecture of the country. To improve social gender equity and encourage birth, many countries have implemented a balanced policy relating to work and family, including parental leave, maternal leave with salary, trying to develop more child-care agencies, and encourage the working places to provide flexible work arrangements. The way the women answered was predominantly emphasizing more on influencing factors and needs and less on the main decisions. I think the two-child policy will influence the professional women. The authors confirmed that the synthesis and quotations reflected the original context by returning to the full transcripts. China has laws against sex discrimination, including a rule that bars firms from firing pregnant women until their child is at least one year old, but enforcement is lax. The security of retirement is a major concern of many Chinese women, and they expressed little trust in government support of this matter as one of the participants described: Improve the social pension system, standardize the work of old-age care services, promote the healthy development of old-age care services, and further increase governmental investments, eliminating the security risks of the major pension agencies, standardization, legalization, strengthening the rural elderly health care. The government will now need to consider options such as more affordable housing, healthcare and education, better regulations to protect women from gender discrimination in the workplace, and perhaps tax breaks to encourage couples to have more children. They can be found on twitter via seaghkehoe, and halfthesky49 Share this. The new policy will allow almost all Chinese people to have their preferred number of children.
Credibility in this study has been attained through thorough descriptions of the different steps of the research procedure, from recruitment procedure to data analysis. At an arbitration court in Beijing, a mother who gives her name as Xiao Wei recently secured a small settlement from a state-owned firm that she says treated her and other pregnant women unfairly.
China 2 child policy punishment
The evidence seems to suggest that changing the family planning policy alone will not be enough to make a significant difference to the fertility rate. Children learn through the themes such as family balance, in line with a yin and yang tradition, as well as the sharing and cooperation, when siblings were present, but there were also challenges encountered while having two children, such as work and family pressure and competition in school. This change is highly significant because, for the first time in 36 years, no one in China is restricted to having just one child. The restriction should not be mandatory, but be based on the actual situation of the individual. They are co-founder and editor of WAGIC Women and Gender in China , an online project dedicated to discussing gender, sexuality, and feminism s in China past and present. First, because women do not have access to contraceptive methods besides IUDs, whilst condoms remain expensive relative to average income, as a result many do not use effective birth control. What the new policy will mean for these advancements in gender equality made during the old-child policy era remains to be seen.
based on 65 review